I am a sociologist, mathematical demographer and data scientist. I am interested in the reproduction of inequality across the life course, with on eye on how temporal inequalities influence well-being outcomes. Specifically, I examine when, how and why time scarcity emerges — along with the ways in which it is shaped by social network, neighborhood and sociodemographic characteristics — in order to delineate the mechanisms linking sociotemporal disparities and inequalities in well-being.

I specialize in incorporating a mixed methods approach, combining multiple qualitative methods (ethnography, in-depth and life story interviews) with demographic methods (surveys and statistical estimation techniques). Situating time in the lived experience of my participants allows me to construct respondent-driven time scarcity measures, compare crude rates and build hazard models. 


My research interests broadly encompass areas of stratification, well-being, sociology of the family, social networks, gender and demography. 

My work has been funded by the National Science Foundation, United States Agency for International Development, UC Berkeley's Canadian Studies Program, UC Berkeley's Social Sciences Data Laboratory and by the Soros Fellowship for New Americans.


University of California, Berkeley

Ph.D. Sociology & Demography. (in progress)

Dissertation: When enough is not enough: Well-being & the social meaning of time.

Dissertation Committee:

Chair: Irene Bloemraad

Co-Chair: Daniel Schneider

Neil Fligstein

Osagie Kingsley Obasogie



M.A. Sociology. March 2018

M.A. Mathematical Demography. May 2015


Beyond the Time Bind: Gender Inequality and the Tempo of Life in 87 Countries

Time & Society

This article explores the relationship between gender inequality and the tempo of life around the world. By directly situating tempo in sociological theory, I develop a more consistent, embodied, precise and generalizable measure for the tempo of public life, with gender on the forefront. To do so, I draw on the largest dataset to-date collected on the tempo of life around the world. This allows me to isolate how macro and micro level gender inequality matters in different contexts. Contrary to existing literature from the biosciences, my ordinary least squares regression results show that in countries with high levels of gender inequality, women often walk faster than men in public places. Monte Carlo cross-validation tests and parametric bootstrap analyses test the predictive accuracy of the full model. 


Structure versus Agency: A Cross-National Examination of Discrimination and the Internalization of Negative Stereotypes 

European Societies

How can we situate discrimination and the internalization of negative stereotypes in their contextual and structural determinants? To answer, I empirically examine linkages between structural inequalities, ethnic discrimination and the internalization of negative stereotypes. Data come from the UNDP, interrogating the lived experiences of Europe’s Roma population (N = 4651), utilizing a multilevel framework. I show that the relationship between stratification and stereotype internalization is more nuanced at the population level than what has been illustrated so far in controlled experimental research settings. Both structural inequality and discrimination influence the internalization of negative stereotypes. Ethnic discrimination and the internalization of negative stereotypes closely parallel each other.

Constructing Difference  

Handbook of the Social Psychology of Inequality

In this chapter, we discuss the construction of social differences from the vantage points of multiple sub-disciplines. We begin with examining why people construct and perpetuate social differences. After exploring the construction of social differences in societies, we articulate the processes through which people construct differences at the individual and interpersonal levels. Finally, we examine some of the ways people attempt to transcend difference. In our analysis of each transcendence mechanism, we pay particular attention to the conditions and cultural resources associated with efforts to transcend difference. The social psychology of inequality is, by definition, concerned with the mechanisms that underlie persistent inequality, and with spaces, people, and strategies that might undermine or at least chip away at inequality.

© 2012-2023 by Boróka Bó

UC Berkeley