I focus on time availability — along with the ways in which it is shaped by social network, neighborhood, and sociodemographic characteristics — in order to delineate  some of the mechanisms linking sociotemporal disparities and inequalities in well-being. By conceptualizing time as a fluid, network-based, relational process, I show how time scarcity is experienced, negotiated, and internalized through everyday interaction.

I ask:

  • What happens when we run out of time? 

  • What are the consequences of time scarcity for well-being?


One area of my research explores how socioeconomic, cultural, and demographic characteristics affect the resource of time. Here, I trace how time scarcity emerges, along with how individuals navigate and make sense of the experience. I show that the well-being repercussions of time scarcity depend not only on individual actions, but also on differing neighborhood and institutional environments. A portion of this work has appeared in the American Journal of Sociology, Population, Space & Place, and in Time & Society

A second area of my research examines the reciprocal relationship between the social experience of time and our individual and collective emotions. My in-progress book unpacks how not having enough time matters for the well-being of both the rich and the poor. I show – from the perspectives of my participants – that the socioemotional experience of time scarcity has distinct class-based consequences.  


The third area of my research focuses on the relationship between migration as it matters for both the resource and the social experience of time. Some of my work on the topic has appeared in Research on Aging. I am currently launching a collaborative research project examining the temporal experiences of climate refugees.

My work contributes to sociological theory by uncovering some of the mechanisms linking sociotemporal disparities to inequalities in well-being. My goal is to connect the individual-level subjective experience and social patterning of time with sociodemographic, institutional, and neighborhood-level factors, extending the literature on stratification and social inequality. I do this by incorporating a mixed methods approach. I combine multiple qualitative methods (ethnography, in-depth and life story interviews) with demographic methods (surveys and statistical estimation techniques). Situating time in the lived experience of my participants allows me to construct respondent-driven time scarcity measures, compare crude rates and build hazard models. Methodologically, by situating time scarcity in the lived experience of individuals, my research informs the existing literature on measuring time scarcity.

I have also conducted work on: time as a resource in public schools in the United States, ethnic segregation and time availability, gender inequality and the pace of life around the world, conceptualizing socioeconomic rights in South Africa, and exploring the trajectories of 'aged-out' foster youth in the United States. 

Upcoming & Recent Talks


British Sociological Association 

21 April 2022
10:45 to 12:00

22 April 2022 14:30 to 15:45

Families & Relationships



Python (NumPy, Scikit-Learn, Pandas)

R (TraMineR, ggplot2, hclust, glm)







Digital Demography

Population Projections

Survival Analysis

Network Analysis

Focus Groups


Survey & In-depth Interview Design

Participant Observation